#7: πŸ“€ Event binding

We want our application to react to the user's actions. We want to update the title of the todo item whenever the user changes it, or to add a new item when the user presses the Save button or the Enter key.

We still don't have a whole list to show, but at the moment we will use another way to test the action. We will change it to the right functionality later on.

The Action

First, make sure you've implemented the changeTitle method inside the InputComponent class. It will receive the new title as its argument:

input.component.ts
changeTitle(newTitle: string): void {
this.title = newTitle;
}

(You can also delete the generateTitle method, if you created it during the previous chapter.)

Binding to Events

Just like binding to element properties, we can bind to events that are emitted by the elements. Again, Angular gives us an easy way to do this. You just wrap the name of the event with parentheses, and pass it the method that should be executed when the event is emitted.

Let's try a simple example, where the title is changed when the user clicks on the button. Notice the parentheses around click. (We also change the binding of the input's value back to title.)

input.component.ts
template: `
<input [value]="title">
<button (click)="changeTitle('Button Clicked!')">
Save
</button>
<p>The title is: {{ title }}</p>
`,

The event is called click and not onClick - in Angular, you remove the on prefix from the events in the elements.

Go to the browser and see the result - click on the Save button.

Event Data

We pass a static string to the method call: Button Clicked! But we want to pass the value that the user typed in the input box!

In the next chapter, we will learn how to use properties of one element in another element in the same template. Then we'll be able to complete the implementation of the click event of the Save button. But now we'll bind a method to an event on the input element: when the user presses Enter, the changeTitle method will be called.

'keyup' event

When the user types, keyboard events are emitted, like keydown and keyup. We will catch the keyup event (when the pressed key is released) and change the title:

input.component.ts
<input [value]="title" (keyup)="changeTitle('Button Clicked!')">

This element becomes large, so to make it easier on the eye we will split it into two lines:

input.component.ts
<input [value]="title"
(keyup)="changeTitle('Button Clicked!')">

Now when the user types in the input box, the title is changed to "Button Clicked!". But it's still a static string.

The $event object

Now we just react when the keyup event occurs. Angular allows us to get the event object itself. It is passed to the event binding as $event - so we can use it when we call changeTitle.

The event object emitted on keyup events has a reference to the element that emitted the event - the input element. The reference is kept in the event target property. As we've seen before, the input element has a value property which holds the current string that's in the input box. We can pass $event.target.value to the method:

input.component.ts
<input [value]="title"
(keyup)="changeTitle($event.target.value)">

Check it out in the browser. Now with every keystroke, you can see the title changes and reflects the input value.

Pressing the Enter key

You can limit the change to only a special keystroke; in our case, it's the Enter key. Angular makes it really easy for us. The keyup event has properties which are more specific events. Just add the name of the key you'd like to listen to:

input.component.ts
<input [value]="title"
(keyup.enter)="changeTitle($event.target.value)">

Now the title will change only when the user hits the Enter key while typing in the input.

​πŸ§ͺ Tip - explore the $event

Playground: You can change the changeTitle method to log the $event object in the console. This way you can explore it and see what properties it has.

Change the method changeTitle:

input.component.ts
changeTitle(event): void {
console.log(event);
this.title = event.target.value; // the original functionality still works
}

Playground: Now change the argument you're passing in the template:

input.component.ts
<input [value]="title"
(keyup.enter)="changeTitle($event)">

Try it out!

Don't forget to change the code back before we go on (!).

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